Negative pressure‑assisted endoscopic pilonidal sinus treatment

Abstract

Background

Endoscopic pilonidal sinus treatment (EPSiT) is a novel minimally invasive option for the treatment of pilonidal sinus disease (PSD). To optimise the postoperative wound management after EPSiT, an ultraportable negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) device was used. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical outcomes of negative pressure-assisted (NPA) EPSiT.

Methods

All patients with PSD treated by EPSIT from November 2017 to October 2019 were managed postoperatively with a commercially available NPTW dressing applied to the wound. All patients were prospectively entered into a dedicated database. Primary outcome measures were healing rate and return to normal activities. Secondary outcomes were postoperative complications and patient satisfaction.

Results

Thirteen male patients underwent NPA EPSiT (mean age 27.8 years, range 16–52 years). Two patients had previous surgery for PSD. The mean follow-up was 14 months (range 4–28 months). In two patients, only partial healing of the tract was achieved. One of these required a further successful NPA EPSiT, while the other one refused any other treatment because of the lack of symptoms. Eight patients were very satisfied and 5 were satisfied with this treatment.

Conclusions

NPA EPSiT is a simple method for improving postoperative wound management, facilitating a quicker recovery and possibly improving overall patient satisfaction.

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