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An anal fissure is a tear that develops on the surface of the anus.
What causes anal fissures?
Anal fissures are most commonly caused by a damage to the normal surface of the anus and occurs in most cases in people who have constipation, in particular when hard or large poo tears the lining of the anal canal. However, there are other less common causes for n anal fissure: these may include chronic diarrhoea, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) and pregnancy.
What are the treatments for anal fissures?
Most of the anal fissures may resolve with conservative treatments. These include lifestyle changes and medications that can help to relieve fissure’s symptoms and in some cases to heal the tear. Sometimes laxatives are necessary to help reducing bulky hard stools that can tear the anal canal.
Mr Leo offers a consultation where those conservative treatments are widely discussed. When felt necessary, mini-invasive surgical procedures are also discussed and taken in consideration. Anal fissures usually heal within a few weeks from the initial treatment.